When choosing the correct column size for your project several questions immediately come to mind. Where do you begin? How do you determine what will look best for my project? Are there standards that I can reference? If yes, where can I find them?
We think a good place to begin is with authenticity, based upon the five classical Orders of Architecture. These orders, established during the ancient Greek and Roman eras laid out a system of proportion that not only included a column’s diameter and height, but the type of capital used, the style of fluting and what base to use.
What is truly important today, is that whatever style of column you choose, it is important to ensure that the diameter and height of the columns are in proportion or balances the entire structure.
Let’s start with what is historically accurate. The rules of proportion according to the Orders of Architecture, when applied accurately, fully make the most of the historical aesthetic appeal of architectural columns. While these rules serve as a general guideline, your individual application may require some flexibility from these classical rules. Keep in mind that choosing a column that is too slender or too large for its length can sometimes have a negative impact to the overall aesthetics of the elevation or interior space.
The five classic orders of architecture are
- Greek Doric
- Roman Tuscan
Each Order consists of specific relative proportions of each element and has its own distinctive style.